HTML Web Color Names
Web Color Names ...
The use of color names instead of hexadecimal color codes is generally frowned upon because the results are likely to be unpredictable in different browsers or on different platforms. Previously, there was no standard for web color names and different browsers often rendered color based on color names in a different manner to each other. The situation has improved marginally because there is now a 'W3C Recommendation' that provides a standard for sixteen basic color names and these sixteen color names should render the same way in different browsers or on different platforms. Color names other than the sixteen listed immediately below should not be used and you should use the hexadecimal color codes instead.
You will note that there are two color swatches associated with each color. The color of the left swatches has bee achieved using HEX color codes (e.g. '#FFFF00') and the color for the adjoining right swatches has been achieved using the associated color names (e.g. 'yellow'). This comparison will enable you to visually check that the browser you are using now is rendering the color names in the same way as the hexadecimal color codes.
Once I had completed creating this 'color names table' I more fully understand why the world of web color names is such a troublesome area. The color that the W3C Recommendation calls lime is in fact RGB green, the color they call green I would call dark-green, the color they call fuchsia is RGB magenta, the color they call aqua is RGB cyan and the color they call silver I would call gray. Silver (or gold) cannot be displayed as a flat color on an RGB device because metallic colors require a metallic content to be displayed accurately. Finally, eight of the sixteen colors are not browser-safe colors. Perhaps it is not for me to be critical of a W3C Recommendation but I think that I will continue using RGB hexadecimal color codes in my own web development? You very soon get used to them.
Netscape Legacy Names ...
Leaving all this to one side and understanding that many of the colors in this chart are not browser-safe, I would commend this chart as being a thoroughly useful resource and I have used it on many occasions when other color charts has not met my needs. I consider the colors in this chart to be particularly well thought out and I am only sorry that these colors have not been adopted by W3C as industry standards. However, I only use the color names for my own personal reference and always use the HEX color codes when specifying color on a web page.
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